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Information page for
Argentina

Weather

All you need to know about Argentina. Weather updates, local language, currency and more.

Demography

Figure 1 Casa Rosada (Argentinian Presidential Residence).  Figure 2 Argentinian Flag


Different from other Latin American nations, the population in Argentina is of European origin due to major migration waves coming from Italy and Spain in the 19th century.

Demographics


Population

44,293,293 million (est.2017)

Density

16.02 per sq. Km

Gender

M: 49.4% 

F: 51.6 %

Birth rate

16.7 births/1000 population

Life Expectancy

M: 74.2 years F: 80.6 years TOTAL: 77.3 years

Median age

31.7 years

Literacy rate


98.1%

Population below poverty line

32.2%

Official Language

Spanish

Figure 3: Demographic Data of Argentina (CIA factbook & Trading Economics)


Figure 4: Ethnicity distribution in Argentina (CIA factbook)


Figure 5: Religious tendencies in Argentina (CIA factbook)

Geography

Argentina’s territory extends from the Andes mountains to the Patagonia, its diverse regional climate and natural resources have allowed the development of different local industries such as its renown wine, as well as meat produce.


Figure 6: Map of Argentina with provinces


Geography


Location

Southern South America

Size

2,780,400 sq. Km

Borders

Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia, Uruguay and Chile

Capital City

Buenos Aires

Provinces/Regions

23 Provinces

Topography

Flat coastal low lands, central highlands, high Andes Mountains, eastern lowlands plains.

Climate

Mostly temperate, arid in southeast, sub Antarctic in southwest

Time Zone

Argentinian Time Zone -3

Calling Code

+54

ISO Code

ARG

Figure 7: Geographical data of Argentina (CIA factbook)

Politics

Argentina is known in Latin America for having a highly engaged population in terms of politics and it is common for them to take the streets when government policies go against their interests. This protest is known as 'cazerolazos', where people take to the streets making noise with pots. Before the last presidential elections (2015) Argentina was part of a left-wing Latin American movement under the Kirchner governments for twelve years.

Politics


Conventional Name

Argentine Republic

Government type

Presidential Republic

Executive branch

  • Head of State and Government: President
  • President elected through direct vote (in two rounds if necessary)
  • Vice-President on the same ticket
  • Elections every 4 years
  • President appoints its Cabinet

Legislative

  • Bicameral
  • Chamber of Deputies (4 years)
  • Senate (6 years)

Judicial 

  • Highest Court – Supreme Court
  • Subordinate Court – Federal level appellate, district, and territorial courts, provincial level supreme, appellate, and first instance courts 

Figure 8: Politics Data of Argentina (CIA factbook)

Economics

By the end of the 19th century Argentina was one of the richest countries in the world, though throughout the 20th century the nation struggled with several economic crises. In 2001 a major crisis hit Argentina where it was unable to pay outstanding credit bills to its International lenders.

Economy


Currency

Argentine Peso (ARS)

Exchange rate

1 USD = 19.97 ARS

GDP (TOTAL)

$911.5 billion USD

GDP per capita

$20,700 USD

GDP Total Growth

2.5%

Unemployment

8.1%

Inflation

26.9%

Figure 9: Economic Data of Argentina (CIA factbook & XE)


Figure 10: GDP Composition by Sector of origin in Argentina (CIA factbook)

National Holidays

Date

Holiday

1 January

New Year’s

12 February

Carnival

13 February

Carnival

24 March

National Day to the Memory of Truth and Justice

29 March

Maundy Thursday

30 March

Good Friday

2 April

Veterans and Fallen’s day from the Falklands war

30 April

Bank Holiday

1 May

Labour Day

25 May

May Revolution’s Day

20 June

Immortality of General Manuel Belgrano

9 July

Independence Day

8 December

Immaculate Conception Day

24 December

Bank Holiday

25 December

Christmas Day

31 December

Bank Holiday

Figure 11: National Holidays of Argentina 2018 (La Nacion Argentina)