You're missing out...

As a member you can enjoy exclusive info and offers.

REGISTER NOW

Information page for
Australia

Weather

All you need to know about Australia. Weather updates, local language, currency and more.

Demography

Much of the population is concentrated along the east and southern coasts, whereas the western areas are populated by the historical indigenous population.

Demographics


Population

24,772,247 million

Density

3 people p/km squared

Gender 

M: 49.8% F: 50.18%

Birth rate

12.1 per 1000

Life Expectancy 

M = 79.8 years F = 84.9 years TOTAL = 82.3 years

Median age

38.7 years

Literacy rate


99%

Population below Poverty Line

13.3% 

Official Language

English 

Figure 1. Demography Data in Australia (CIA Factbook)


Figure 2. Breakdown of Languages in Australia (CIA Factbook)


Figure 3. Ethnicity Data (CIA Factbook)


Figure 4. Religion Data in Australia (CIA Factbook)

Geography

Australia hosts natural wonders from corner to corner. Its climate is diverse with tropical, desert, grassland and equatorial climates. The majority of the population is concentrated along the East and Southern Coasts. 

Map of Australia's regions and cities
Figure 5. Map of Australia's regions and cities (Moonrings)


Geography


Location 

Australia is an island Continent in the Oceania, surrounded by the Indian ocean and the South Pacific Ocean. 

Size

7,682,300km squared.

Borders

Does not share any land borders with any other countries

Capital City 

Canberra

Provinces/Regions

Australian Capital Territory (ACT), New South Wales (NSW), Northern Territory (NT), Queensland (QLD), South Australia, Tasmania

Topography

4 regions: 1) Low, sandy Eastern coastal plain 2) Eastern Highlands 3) Central Plains 4) Western Plateau (desserts)

Climate

Australia’s Northern regions are more tropically influenced with humid & hot summers, mild winters. The Southern regions have a slightly milder summer & wetter winters.

Time Zone

UTC+8:00: Australian Western Standard Time (AWST), UTC+8.45: Australian Central Western Standard Time (ACWST), 

UTC+9:30: Australian Central Standard Time (ACST), UTD+10:00: Australian Eastern Standard Time (AEST), UTC+10.30: Lord Howe Standard Time (LHST)

Calling Code

+61 

ISO Code

AUS 

Figure 6. Geography Data of Australia (CIA Factbook)

Politics

Made up of six states, Australia has a governor for each of its states. Each of these six states hold more than 850 local government areas which are controlled by elected councils.

Politics


Conventional Name

Commonwealth of Australia

Government Type

Parliamentary democracy (Federal Parliament) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm

Executive branch 

  • Head of States: (Queen Elizabeth II)
  • Head of Government (PM)
  • Cabinet (nominated by PM)
  • Elections

Legislative 

  • Bicameral Federal Parliament consisting of the: 
  • Senate and the House of Representatives 

Judicial 

  • Highest Court – High court of Australia consists of 7 justices

Subordinate Court - subordinate courts: subordinate courts at the federal level: Federal Court; Federal Magistrates' Courts of Australia; Family Court; subordinate courts at the state and territory level: Local Court - New South Wales; Magistrates' Courts – Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia, Tasmania, Northern Territory, Australian Capital Territory; District Courts – New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia; County Court – Victoria; Family Court – Western Australia; Court of Petty Sessions – Norfolk Island

Figure 7. Political Data of Australia (CIA Factbook)

Economics

Home to one of the largest mixed market economies, Australia is highly developed and is the second wealthiest nation (wealth per adult) behind Switzerland.


Economy


Currency

Australian dollar (AUD$)

Exchange rate

1 USD = 1.311 AUD 

GDP (TOTAL)

$1.235 million (2017)

GDP per capita

$49,900 (2017)

GDP Total Growth 

0.6%

Unemployment

5.6%

Inflation

1.9%

Figure 10: Economic Data (CIA Factbook)

Figure 9. Breakdown of GDP x Sector in Australia (CIA Factbook)

National Holidays

Date

Holiday

01 January

New Year's Day

26 January

Australia Day

30 March

Good Friday

2 April

Easter Monday

25 April

Anzac Day

11 June

Queen’s Birthday

25 December

Christmas Day

26 December

Boxing Day

Figure 12. National Holidays in Australia 2018 (Office Holidays)