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Information page for
Bulgaria

Weather

All you need to know about Bulgaria. Weather updates, local language, currency and more.

Demography

Nearly 1/3 of Bulgaria is covered in forest and is also still labelled an ‘Emerging and Developing Europe’. Famous for its tasty, hearty and healthy cuisine.

Demographics


Population 

7, 101 510 (2017 est.)

Density

65.66 p / sq km (2016 est.)

Gender 

M = 48.6% F = 51.4%

Birth rate

8.7 birth/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Life expectancy 

M = 71.4 years F = 78.2 years Total = 74.7 years (2017 est.)

Median age

42.7 years 

Literacy rate


98.4%

Poverty

35%

Official language

Bulgarian 

Figure 1. Demographics of Bulgaria (CIA Factbook)


Figure 2. Language data of Bulgaria (CIA Factbook)


Figure 3. Ethnicity data of Bulgaria (CIA Factbook)


Figure 4. Religion present in Bulgaria (CIA Factbook)

Geography

Bordering Romania, the Republic of Macedonia and Serbia, Greece, and Turkey, Bulgaria occupies a portion of the Eastern Balkans. Its coast leads to the Black Sea.

Related image
Figure 5. Map of Bulgaria's regions


Geography


Location 

Southern Europe, border the Black Sea, between Romania and Turkey


Size

110,879 sq km 

Borders

Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Turkey 

Capital City 

Sofia 

Provinces/Regions

28 provinces

Topography

Mostly mountains with lowlands in North and Southeast.

Climate

temperate; cold, damp winter; hot, dry summers

Time Zone

UTC+2 (& hours ahead of Washington DC, during Standard Time)

Calling Code

+359

ISO Code

BGR

Figure 6. Geographic data for Bulgaria (CIA Factbook)

Politics

Executive power is exercised by the government, whereby the Prime Minister is the Head of State.

Politics


Conventional Name

Republic of Bulgaria 

Government Type

Parliamentary republic

Executive branch 

  • Chief of State – President (five-year term)
  • Head of State – Prime Minister (five-year term)
  • Cabinet – council of ministers

Legislative 

  • Unicameral National Assembly or Narodno Sabranie 

Judicial 

  • Highest Court – Supreme Court of Cassation
  • Subordinate Court – appeals courts; regional and district courts; administrative courts; courts martial 
Figure 7. Bulgaria's Political system (CIA Factbook)

Economics

Functioning on the principles of the free market with a large private sector with a smaller public sector.

Economy


Currency

Bulgarian Lev 

Exchange rate

1 USD = 1.59 Bulgarian Lev

GDP (TOTAL)

$152.4 billion (2017 est.)

GDP per capita

$21,600 (2017 est.)

GDP Total Growth 

3.6% (2017 est.)

Unemployment

6.6% (2017 est.)

Inflation

1.1% (2017 est.)

Figure 8. Economic Data for Bulgaria (CIA Factbook)


Figure 9. GDP per Sector (CIA Factbook)

National Holidays


Date

Holiday

1st January

New Year’s Day

3rd March

Liberation Day

5th March

Liberation Day Holiday

6th April

Orthodox Good Friday

7th April

Holy Saturday

9th April

Orthodox Easter Monday

30th April

Labour Day Holiday

7th May

St Georges Day

6th September

Unification Day

24th September

Independence Day Holiday

24th December

Christmas Eve

25th December

Christmas Day

26th December

Second Day of Christmas

31st December

New Year’s Eve

Figure 10. Bulgaria National Holiday dates 2018 (Office Holidays)