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Information page for
Canada

Weather

All you need to know about Canada. Weather updates, local language, currency and more.

Demography

Canada ranks 38th in the entire world in relation to population size and is also the second largest country behind Russia. Its population has tripled since the 1940s growing from 11million during the Second World War to (almost) 36 million today.

Demographics


Population

35,623 680

Density

3.7 per sq km 

Gender 

M = 49.6% F= 50.4%

Birth rate

10.3 per 1000

Life Expectancy 

M = 79.3 years F = 84.7 yeat TOTAL = 42.2 years 

Median age

81.9 years of age

Literacy rate


99%

Poverty

N/A

Official Language

English, French 

Figure 1. Demographic data for Canada (CIA Factbook)


Figure 2. Languages that make up the Canadian Population (CIA Factbook)


Figure 3. Ethnic Diversity in Canada (CIA Factbook)


Figure 4. Religions in Canada (CIA Factbook)

Geography

Stretching a vast area, Canada borders the United States of America to the Arctic Circle in the North. Its major cities; Toronto, Vancouver and Montreal, all exhibit natural beauty, artistic flair and culinary brilliance.

Image result for map of canada and regions
Figure 5. Map of Canada's regions


Geography


Location 

North America

Size

9, 984 670 sq km 

Borders

Has one land border with the US (8,893km) 

Capital City 

Ottawa

Provinces/Regions

13 provinces in total. Please see Figure 7: Map

Topography

mostly plains with mountains in west, lowlands in southeast

Climate

Canada experiences a continental climate with varied temperatures in the South & the artic & subarctic North. 

Time Zone

Operates on 6 different time zones ranging from UTC -8 to UTC -3.30

Calling Code

+1

ISO Code

CAN

Figure 6. Geographic Data for Canada (CIA Factbook)

Politics

Canada’s federal administration used to be Her Majesty’s Government. The House of Commons makes its laws, and its members are elected by the public.

Politics


Conventional Name

Canada 

Executive branch 

·      Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II 

·      Head of Government (Prime Minister)

·      Cabinet 

Legislative 

·      Bicameral Parliament consisting of the Senate/Senat and the House of Commons

Judicial 

  • Highest Court – Supreme Court
  • Subordinate Court - federal level: Federal Court of Appeal; Federal Court; Tax Court; federal administrative tribunals; Courts Martial; provincial/territorial level: provincial superior, appeals, first instance, and specialized courts; in 1999, the Nunavut Court - a circuit court with the power of a provincial superior court, as well as a territorial court - was established to serve isolated settlements
Figure 7. Canada's political system (CIA Factbook)

Economics

Home to a highly developed and mixed economy with the 10th largest GDP in the world.

Economy


Currency

Canadian Dollar

Exchange rate

1 US Dollar = 1.26 CAN Dollar

GDP (TOTAL)

$1.764 trillion (2017)

GDP per capita

$48,100

GDP Total Growth 

3%

Unemployment

5.9%

Inflation

1.9%

Figure 8. Canada's economic stance (CIA Factbook)


Figure 9: GDP per Sector in Canada (CIA Factbook)

National Holidays

Date

Holiday

1st January

New Year's Day

30th March

Good Friday

2nd April

Easter Monday

1st July

Canada Day

3rd September

Labour Day

15th October

Thanksgiving

11th November

Remembrance Day

25th December

Christmas Day

Figure 10: National Holidays in Canada for 2018 (Office Holidays)