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All you need to know about China. Weather updates, local language, currency and more.


As it can be imagined, China, with over 1.3 billion people, is the heaviest populated country in the world and is packed with many ethnic groups and languages, as well as with an increasingly ageing population.



1,395,152,406 (Feb. 2018) 


147 (P/Km²) (2016) 


Male: 51.9% 

Female: 48.1%

(Feb. 2018) 

Birth rate

12.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Life Expectancy 

Total population: 75.7 years

Male: 73.6 years

Female: 78 years

(2017 est.)

Median age

37.4 years (2017 est.)

Literacy rate

96.4% (2015 est.)

Definition: Aged 15 and over and can read and write.

Population below poverty line 

3.3% (2016 est.)

Official Language

Mandarin (汉语/ 普通话-Hanyu/ Putonghua: Beijing’s dialect)

Figure 1. China’s demography facts (Sources: CIA Factbook, countrymeters, Trading Economics)

Figure 2. First-language speakers in China & Taiwan 

* Other: Jin (5.2%), Yue (4.9%), , Gan (4%), Hakka (3.5%), Xiang (3%), Pinghua (0.6%), Huizhou (0.3%)

Figure 3. Ethnic groups in China (Source: CIA Factbook)

*Others: includes Hui, Manchu, Uighur, Miao, Yi, Tujia, Tibetan, Mongol, Dong, Buyei, Yao, Bai, Korean, Hani, Li, Kazakh, Dai, and other nationalities.

Note: the Chinese government officially recognises 56 ethnic groups (2010).

Figure 4. Religions in China (2010) (Source: CIA Factbook)

* Other: Christian (5.1%), Muslim (1.8%). Other (includes Hindu (<0.1%), Jewish (<0.1%), Daoist/Taoist (0.7%)).


Located in the eastern part of the continent of Asia, on the western Pacific Rim, China, is the 4th largest nation in the world and the largest situated completely in Asia. In addition, this country has the longest land border than any other country- 14 countries and 2 territories share a land border with China. China also holds the Tibetan Plateau which forms the highest part of the country, known as the 'roof of the world'. Mount Everest, on the border with Nepal, is the world’s tallest peak above sea level. 

Figure 5: China’s map with its provinces



Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam.


9,596,960 sq. km


Afghanistan, Bhutan, Burma, India, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Vietnam.

Regional borders: Hong Kong S.A.R., Macau S.A.R.

Capital City



34 provincial-level administrative units.


Mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in west. Plains, deltas, and hills in east.


Extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north.

Time Zone


Calling Code


ISO Code


Figure 6. China’s geography facts (source: CIA Factbook)


The People’s Republic of China (PRC) is a semi-presidential socialist republic run by a single party, the Chinese Communist Party or CCP. This party created and leads the People's Liberation Army.


Conventional Name

People’s Republic of China (中华人民共和国 Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo) (PRC).

Government type

Communist party-led state.

Executive branch 

  • Chief of state: President.
  • Head of government: Premier, Executive Vice Premiers.
  • Cabinet: State Council appointed by National People's Congress
  • Elections/appointments: president and vice president indirectly elected by National People's Congress for a 5-year term (eligible for a second term). Premier nominated by president, confirmed by National People's Congress.


  • Unicameral National People's Congress or Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui -2,987 seats. Members indirectly elected by municipal, regional, and provincial people's congresses, and the People's Liberation Army. Members serve 5-year terms.
  • Percent of vote – N/A. 


  • Highest Court - Supreme People's Court.
  • Subordinate Courts - Higher People's Courts, Intermediate People's Courts, District and County People's Courts, Autonomous Region People's Courts and Special People's Courts for military, maritime, transportation, and forestry issues.
  • Chief Justice appointed by the People's National Congress (NPC). Limited to 2 consecutive 5-year-terms. Other justices and judges nominated by the Chief Justice and appointed by the Standing Committee of the NPC.Term of other justices and judges determined by the NPC.
Figure 7. China’s politic facts. (CIA Factbook)


China, often called the "World's Factory," is the largest manufacturing economy and exporter of goods and one of the fastest-growing global economies. It is also the world's fastest-growing consumer market and second-largest importer of goods. This country is a net importer of services products and is presently playing a prominent role in international trade.



Renminbi (RMB) or Chinese Yuan (CN¥)

Exchange rate

1 USD = CNY 6.35 (Feb. 2018)


$23.12 trillion (PPP) (2017 est.)

GDP per capita

$16,600 (2017 est.) (PPP)

GDP real growth rate

6.8% (2017 est.)


4% (2017 est.)


1.8% (2017 est.)

Figure 8. China’s Economic Facts (CIA Factbook, XE Currency converter)

Figure 9. China’s GDP Composition by sectors, 2017. (CIA Factbook)

National Holidays



1 Jan

New Year’s Day

15 Feb to 21 Feb

Spring Festival

5 Apr to 7 Apr

Ching Ming festival

29 Apr to 1 May

Labour day holiday

16 Jun to 18 Jun

Dragon boat festival

22 Sep to 24 Sep

Mid-Autumn Festival

1 Oct to 7 Oct

National Day Holiday

Figure 10. China’s National public holidays (The State Council PRC)